Thursday, September 3, 2020

You Have a Friend in Me free essay sample

Everybody has companions yet every companion is extraordinary. You have your companions with families, the â€Å"let’s go out each night† companions, and to wrap things up, your long far off companions. Indeed they are for the most part companions however every one carries on with an alternate way of life and has their own one of a kind character. They remain as a cherished memory to you through various challenges. Companions are cherishing, mindful, faithful, and fair. Friend’s seal your most profound darkest mystery with a â€Å"pinky swear† and an embrace. Which sort of companion right? Companions with families comprehend the pressure and â€Å"no additional time right now† circumstance, since they likewise have their hands full as well. Some are housewives, and some work all day while their kids are in school or childcare. Furthermore, there are a rare sorts of people who shuffle both work and school during the day. There are companions who are separated, bringing up youngsters as single parents. We will compose a custom article test on You Have a Friend in Me or on the other hand any comparative theme explicitly for you Don't WasteYour Time Recruit WRITER Just 13.90/page The companions with families are normally exceptionally solid hearted, can take on the world, however love to loosen up after the children head to sleep to make a call, sit in front of the TV, and appreciate at last having a grown-up discussion. These treats come following a monotonous day pursuing kids around, going to after school exercises, and overcoming the feared schoolwork assignments sent home by the kid’s instructors. They are there to assist with keeping an eye on you need them. Likewise, they are normally experiencing similar issues with having more established guardians, small kids, work issues, and bills. They can give backing, and you can exchange thoughts with them about how to approach and take care of issues since they may have similar issues. Presently let’s take a gander at the companions who need to go out constantly. They discover motivation to go out for a mixed drink and perhaps starters pretty much each night of the week and on ends of the week. Two dollar Tuesday†, â€Å"Thirsty Thursday†, and on the grounds that they need to go have a drink and unwind. These are the pleasant companions that you call when you are having an awful day, lounging around exhausted, or simply need to loosen up. You realize they are just a call away and all set out when they answer their telephone. They are the fun, vivacious, and joyful, kind of companion. They are prepared to tune in and talk about any issues that are going on in your life and theirs. They will stay up with the latest on all the nearby tattle. Since they are out constantly, they will surely realize who is doing what with whom, when, where, and how. They will consistently have your back and come running at your coax call. These companions are engaging and amusing to be near, however ordinarily these companions don't have the degree of feeling and duty that you have with companions with families. Last, however not least, you have your significant distance companions. These companions remain in contact through email, Facebook, Skype, other informal communities, school reunions, and a periodic late night call. You may not talk regularly, yet you despite everything stay up with the latest on occasions that have occurred in your life. The primary concern of contact is for the most part through informal communities. Some news might be deplorable and grievous, yet most news got is cheerful like commitment, pregnancy, and moving for a new position offer. At the point when you do talk with them on the telephone it is consistently for a significant stretch of time to make up for lost time with the sum total of what that has been going on in your life. Regardless, they are still companions despite the fact that the separation shields you from seeing each other as regularly as you might want. They have the upside of sharing some prior occasions throughout your life, for example, going to class in years sooner or growing up together when you both were children and afterward moving ceaselessly. This includes sharing occasions in your lives that the other two gatherings may not be a piece of, and may not comprehend or appreciate. This kind of kinship implies you are not in contact with the individual continually but instead here and there â€Å"catching up. † You are old buddies due to the mutual recollections and past occasions in your lives. All things considered, your actual companions are forever, regardless of whether close or far. You have various kinds of companions whether settled down with a spouse and kids, single parents, single prepared to blend, and long far off companions. They will consistently be your companions as long as they are straightforward, faithful, and mindful. Companions are always until the end of time. Likewise, alluded to as â€Å"tombstone amigos. † They remain as a cherished memory to you. You find that you have numerous companions, however select ones are your actual dear companions.

Saturday, August 22, 2020

Examine the success of Llewellyn in relation to Josiah, Kelly and “Marketweb” separately from Nixon The WritePass Journal

Analyze the achievement of Llewellyn corresponding to Josiah, Kelly and â€Å"Marketweb† independently from Nixon Presentation Analyze the achievement of Llewellyn comparable to Josiah, Kelly and â€Å"Marketweb† independently from Nixon IntroductionThe convoluted obligation of NixonBibliography Related Presentation On the off chance that Llewellyn is to have any possibility of achievement he should right off the bat demonstrate that: (I) That the gatherings included owed him an obligation of care, (ii) that the gatherings were in break of this duty;(iii) that those important penetrates caused Llewellyn’s harm, both truth be told and in law, and; (iv) that the law will permit the recuperation of any misfortunes Llewellyn may have brought about. It is advantageous to look at the achievement or in any case of Llewellyn comparable to Josiah, Kelly and â€Å"Marketweb† independently from Nixon. The general guideline with respect to the foundation of an obligation of care is the neighbor standard as defined in Donoghue v Stevenson [1932]: 1)â â â â â€Å"One must take sensible consideration to keep away from acts or oversights which you can sensibly predict would probably harm your neighbour.† The extent of this rule was extended impressively by Lord Wilberforce in Anns v Merton London Borough Council [1978] with the presentation of a two level test. The impact of this two level test was to grow impressively the extent of the tort of carelessness, yet the test has been the subject of much legal analysis, having being overruled on its realities by the House of Lords in Murphy v Brentwood District Council [1990]. In Murphy the House noticed that reservations had been communicated with respect to the two-level test and expressed an inclination for the gradual methodology of Brennan J in Sutherland Shire Council v Heyman [1985]. It was this methodology, recommends J Convery, that eventually prompted the advanced definition of the obligation of care in Caparo Industries Pcl v Dickman [1990]. Be that as it may, the courts have been hesitant to force an obligation of care with respect to the indiscreet creation of articulations instead of risk for imprudent acts. In spite of this, in Hedley Byrne v Heller [1964] the House of Lords held that an obligation to take care in offering expressions could emerge. Typical Donoghue standards were not to be applied as a severe utilization of these standards would have prompted too incredible an obligation. Rather, it was held that an obligation of care would emerge where there was a unique connection between the gatherings. For such a relationship to emerge: (i)â â â The representor must have an exceptional ability. (ii)â The representee should sensibly depend on the distortion. (iii)â The respondent must have some exceptional information on the kind of exchange being referred to: eg Smith v Eric Bush [1989] It is these models which must be used in evaluating the separate places of the gatherings nearby increasingly current standards which will be talked about later. As respects the principal models, plainly Josiah, a ventures consultant and the long-standing seat of the arranging panel, has a unique expertise, as does Kelly being a wide open arranging minister. Despite the fact that the Privy Council in Mutual Life v Evatt [1971] took a tight perspective on this rule, the Court of Appeal has followed the more â€Å"liberal minority† view:Esso Petroleum v Mardon [1976]; Howard Marine and Dredging v Ogden [1978]. As Lord Denning MR expressed, while recognizing Bisset v Wilkinson [1927] in Esso; uncommon aptitude could show itself in the way that the gatherings are not â€Å"equally ready to shape an opinion†. In this manner it is presented that Kelly, Josiah and Marketweb fulfill the principal standards of the triple test. Setting up the subsequent standards is possibly dang erous. The Privy Council has, once more, taken a thin perspective on this model: Royal Bank Trust v Pampellonne [1987 . Anyway W.A Seavey proposes a to some degree disentangled methodology; that it is sensible to depend on an individual who â€Å"possesses more than the typical knowledge† in some random specialized topic. On the off chance that this accommodation is to be acknowledged, at that point, again apparently the subsequent basis is happy regarding every one of the three gatherings. It ought to likewise be noticed that if such dependence is missing, the offended party may, in outstanding cases, depend on customary Donohue standards as was set up in Ross v Caunters [1980]; White v Jones [1993]. Anyway it shows up from the realities this isn't proper. As respects the third rules, it is presented that the realities demonstrate Josiah and Marketweb have at first sight exceptional information on property exchanges. Kelly, anyway doesn't seem to have exceptional information on property exchanges, in this way it is presented that she doesn't owe Llewellyn an obligation of care as respects any careless errors, and any activity against her is probably going to come up short. Moreover almost certainly, the â€Å"fair and reasonable† prerequisite spread out in Caparo. Ruler Bingham remarked: 1)â â â€Å"The necessity can't, maybe, be preferable put over it was by Weintraub C.J. in Goldberg v Housing Authority of the City of Newark (1962):Whether an obligation exists is eventually an issue of decency. The request includes a weighing of the relationship of the gatherings, the nature of the hazard, and the open enthusiasm for the proposed solution.† In light of this examination, it appears to be out of line to force an obligation concerning â€Å"friends†.â Indeed this is the position involved by C Witting,whilst the inverse, he fights, can be said for connections of a business nature. It is along these lines presented that dependent on the three measures, Josiah owes Llewellyn an obligation of care as respects any careless articulations he may make. Despite the fact that apparently Marketweb might be similarly situated, ongoing case law may show in any case; present day case law appears to favor tests dependent on closeness of relationship related to a prerequisite that the obligation forced is reasonable and sensible: Jain v Trent Strategic Health Authority [2009] The instance of Patchett v Swimming Pool and Allied Trades Association Ltd. [2009] is intently similar to the current realities. The inquirers were hoping to assemble a pool and they (the petitioners) ran over the site of the Swimming Pool Allied Trades Asso ciation and the works properly initiated. Preceding culmination, the optional retailer got ruined and stopped exchanging, leaving the works unfinished.â The debate between the gatherings emerges out of articulations made on SPATAs site: it expressed that â€Å"installation will be finished completely to SPATA Standards come what may!†.In court, Worster J held that SPATA didn't owe the Patchetts an obligation of care in offering certain expressions on its site. The fundamental explanation given was that while the respondent no uncertainty realized that the portrayals on their site would probably be followed up on, it would not anticipate that buyers should do as such moving along without any more enquiry. The court found that the third rules vital for building up a connection between the producer of an announcement and the beneficiary who depends on that announcement, as set out on account of Hedley Byrne v Heller, was not fulfilled: â€Å"It is known, either really or inferentially, that the exhortation [or representation] is probably going to be followed up on by the advisee without autonomous inquiry.† It is submitted at that point, that similar standards can be applied to the current realities. In spite of the fact that Marketweb would have anticipated that buyers should follow up on their recommendation, they would not anticipate that shoppers should do as such moving along without any more enquiry. Accordingly, it could be contended that, in spite of satisfying the three rules expressed over, the third standards for the first Hedley Byrne v Heller test isn't fulfilled. In this way it is presented that Marketweb doesn't owe Llewellyn an obligation of care as respects any careless errors they may make, and any activity by Llewellyn is probably going to bomb on this basis.â Having built up the separate places of the gatherings as respects obligation of care, it is currently important to analyze on the off chance that they are in penetrate of that obligation. On account of each of the three gatherings, it is presented that any careless misquotes would emerge from the exclusion to make reference to the improvement of the club complex regardless of the housing of the plans two years earlier. The issue of an exclusion rendering an announcement careless was aptly inspected in Banque Financiere de Late Cite CA v Westgate Insurance Co [1989]where it was expressed: 2)â â â â â€Å"Can a unimportant inability to talk ever offer ascent to risk in carelessness under Hedley Byrne standards? In our view it can, yet subject to the immensely significant stipulation that there has been on the realities a willful acceptance of accountability in the applicable sense, and a dependence on that assumption† It was commonly settled that concerning reckless acts the law will force obligation, yet it won't force risk in regard of exclusions; see for instance the discourse of Lord Goff in Smith v Littlewoods Organization [1871] where his lordship expressed this general principle and recognized four special cases. By similarity, in careless misquote, one may accept while obligation may emerge in regard of a careless error, no risk will emerge from an inability to talk. Basically, the announcement from Banque Financiere de Late Cite CA v Westgate Insurance Co [1989] states that no obligation will connect to an inability to talk subject to only one exemption, to be specific where there has been a deliberate acceptance of accountability and dependence upon that suspicion. One may start by soliciting what the Court from Appeal implied by the expression ‘voluntary suspicion of responsibility’, as in Smith v Eric Bush [1989] the House of Lords dismissed the view expressed in Hedley Byrne v Heller [1964], that an obligation of care as to careless misquote (a verbally expressed error) emerged from a willful acceptance of accountability and this view was rehashed by the House of Lords in Capar

Friday, August 21, 2020

Love Versus Hate Essays - Characters In Romeo And Juliet

Love Versus Hate William Shakespeare's Romeo and Juliet and Arthur Laurent's West Side Story are fundamentally the same as in correlation. The characters in both these unfortunate stories are practically symmetric in what sort of job they play and how they associate. Indeed, even the plot is commonly the equivalent aside from the progressions made because of the setting. As a result of my interest of middle age Europe, I delighted in Romeo and Juliet more. Romeo and Juliet is an account of star-crossed sweethearts whose unfortunate end show their families the degree of harm that detest can do. They setting of this play is fourteenth century Verona, Italy. Two rich families, Montague and Capulet, have a developing contempt for one another. Romeo and Juliet, two youthful young people, one from every family, become hopelessly enamored and need to confront the mistreatment of their quarreling families. They in the long run execute themselves toward the finish of the story, and their families acknowledge what ghastly happenings their hostility can prompt. These plot occasions and end show how love can defeat despise to the detriment of another. Monk Lawrence put it best by saying, These brutal enjoyments have fierce finishes. West Side Story is likewise an account of two darlings and how disdain and bigotry can hurt others. It happens in the 1950's on the West Side of New York. An American pack, the Jets, and a Puerto Rican posse, the Sharks, are battling a direct result of bigotry and region. Tony and Maria, who are from inverse sides of this contention, experience passionate feelings for and endeavor to cause the packs to understand that they ought not battle about bigotry or domain that they guarantee. Tony is shot by a Shark in an inclination rage at this accounts grievous completion. Maria, seeing why this occurred, gets out, We all slaughtered him...I can execute now since I detest now. This shows how the aversion, prejudice, and contempt of the two groups lead to occasion of Tony's demise, and others. Romeo and Juliet and West Side Story both underline what clashes and battling can prompt. Romeo and Juliet is the better book in light of it's fascinating setting and capacity to relate with a typical youngster's life. Consequently, everybody should, at one point in their initial adolescent years, read the tale of Juliet and her Romeo.

Monday, June 8, 2020

The Social and Environmental Impacts of International Events - 2475 Words

The Social and Environmental Impacts of International Events: A Case Study of Beijing and London Olympics (Thesis Proposal Sample) Content: THE SOCIAL AND ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACTS OF INTERNATIONAL EVENTS: A CASE STUDY OF BEIJING AND LONDON OLYMPICSNameCourseTutorUniversityCityDateThe Social and Environmental Impacts of International Events: A Case Study of Beijing and London OlympicsIntroductionBackgroundInternational sports events have become critical to the growth and development of major cities across the world as global competition increase tremendously. Many countries are on the forefront to win bids to host mega-events such as the Olympics and FIFA world cup as a way of enhancing their relevance in the global community. Moreover, sponsors and public authorities have identified this niche as most suitable to enhance social, economic, and environmental objectives (Brown, Graham, Andrew, and Guy 2016). Notably, the number of the investor in sports events has increased in the last decade, as international sports have become important landscapes to advance social and economic gains. The organizing and manag ing mega sports events is an important subject to investors and the public with demands of evidence-based reports that indicate the positive impacts of international events to the community. Event organizers are continuously expected to uphold transparency and accountability of resources together with preparing a successful event. Furthermore, the demand for evidence in international events has introduced the need for research to determine the various impacts on the host nation (Brown, Graham, Andrew, and Guy 2016).Economists have embarked on studies to analyze the economic extent of mega sports to the host nations. Although most hypothesize the possibility of positive economic benefits, some scholars dispute the economic significance of sports (Brown, Graham, Andrew, and Guy 2016). Conversely, social and environmental impacts of international sports have received little research and literature in this discipline is limited. Moreover, it is challenging to elaborate how positive soci al interaction during mega-events addresses societal issues such as inequality and integration. This concern remains apparent despite the fact that sports events provoke excitement and zeal from the public. Similarly, the environmental impacts of sports mega-events have remained under-researched for decades with little comparability of literature. However, this has continued to change since the adoption of Green Games in the 2000 Sydney Olympics. Since then, cities have developed strategies to promote the green economy through sports and environmental sustainability (Fussey, Pete, and Dick 2012). More so, the debates on climate change have taken a center stage in the contemporary political, social, and economic discussions. International sports events happen in a short period but often have long-lasting legacies in the host community and provide benchmarks for the future trends in the industry. Therefore, elaborating on the significance of social and environmental events becomes a c entral research question, especially taking a special focus on the Beijing and London Olympic events.Research QuestionInternational sports events are known for their importance across the world since they promote the global competitiveness of the host nation. The social and environmental impacts of these mega sports events enhance sustainability and cultural diversity in the world. The Beijing and London Olympic events are thought to have introduced significant lasting social and environmental impacts in both cities. Therefore, this study aims to explore and determine the degree of social and environmental influence of the Olympic event in both China and UK. However, to achieve this process, the outlined objectives are paramount to consider. * To determine the social impacts of Beijing and London Olympics to the host countries * To determine the environmental and sustainability impacts of the Olympic Games event * To evaluate the complexity of short term and long term effects of int ernational sports event managementThe research question and objectives will enable a comprehensive analysis of the underlying social and environmental impacts associated with the Olympic Games event. The significance of the study is derived from the fact that these games are internationally recognized and often confer profound changes in the cultural, social, economic, and political contexts of the host destination. Furthermore, the research findings will provide substantial evidence concerning the importance of Olympic Games to the social welfare of the global community.Literature ReviewHosting Olympic Games always come with a lot of excitement and national pride. However, it may be hard to ascertain the economic impact of these mega events; the social and environmental impacts can easily be seen (Fussey, Pete, and Dick 2012). People from all walks of life are united together by these events.In the recent past, many civic and public agencies have explicitly recognized the need to p ut into consideration the environmental externalities consequent to hosting sporting events. Following the Olympic Games which took place in USAs City of Los Angeles (1984), the possibility of key sporting activities having the environmental and social impact on the host country has increased (Fussey, Pete, and Dick 2012). Many sporting institutions such as FIFA and other sports' governing body all agreed and recognized that there were substantial reasons to comprehend the environmental effects of the sporting events which they give sponsorship, regulate and host (Fussey, Pete, and Dick 2012). Before the official opening of the London Olympic, the Olympic Delivery Authority (ODA) emphasized on the need for environmental conservation (Getz, Donald, and Stephen 2016). The organizers launched Sustainable Development Strategy in the effort to promote the eradication of carbon emissions, water wastage, and other wastes while maximizing environmental friendly usage (Getz, Donald, and Step hen 2016). Increased prominence on negative environmental effects mitigation has become a major argument underlining other mega events. For instance, measures to reduce carbon emissions have spread to other countries and subsequent major tournaments. In 2006, during FIFA World Cup Games, FIFA reiterated the need to use sporting activities as avenues of passing strong messages of promoting environmental conservation (Getz, Donald, and Stephen 2016). In so doing, they launch FIFA Green Goal Program to make subsequent World Cups one of the ways of creating environmental awareness in the world. They rolled out ways to minimize resource wastage in terms of energy, refuse, transport and water to offset the numerous tones of carbons which are likely to be emitted during the event and subsequent world major tournaments (Getz, Donald, and Stephen 2016). Following the 2000 Sidney Olympic Games, the state of Victoria soon set out measures to ensure the 2006 and subsequent other mega-events car bon neutral and has low wastage of resources. As a result of these sporting events, the United Nation on Environmental Program took the theme of greening sports to its Global Forum of Environmental Conservation which brought together many delegates from different countries. In their attempts to understand this theme, they call on various countries to review the effects of major sporting tournaments on the environment (Getz, Donald, and Stephen 2017). Highly regarded as one of the exemplary major tournament, the Beijing Summer Olympics is still fresh in many minds. They were meticulously planned and expertly delivered. The city transport services flowed seamlessly despite the anticipation of traffic jams during the games. One of the major environmental benefits of hosting this game which cannot go unnoticed is the creation of first urban water recycling system. Not to say, this mega sporting event also produced the countrys biggest metropolitan parkland (Giulianotti et al. 2015, 121) .The above discussions are clear indications that there are some signs of progress among the organizers of these events to recognize the environmental externalities surrounding the development and strategy executions with several pieces of evidence of mainstreaming concerns on environmental conservations. The outlines of major tournaments such as the FIFA World Cups and Olympic Games, in particular, have also provided acknowledgments of local ecosystem impacts in relations to the effects of event-related consumptions (Giulianotti et al. 2015, 128). Actually, this made the committee tasked with the responsibilities of organizing these major tournaments to express their desire of trying to be part and parcel of solutions and not part of problems in issues pertaining environmental conservations.The analyses of Ecological Footprint of these two major events and subsequent major sporting activities have soon gained momentum, especially after the Beijing Olympic Games. Ecological Footprin t has soon been used to account for the earthly consumptions of available resources. This approach has given snapshot estimates of the demand placed on global bio-capacity and the supply of the same bio-capacity (Giulianotti et al. 2015, 132).Conversely, these mega-events have also come under sharp criticism for failing to conserve the environment. The environmental consequences involve everything from raising new stadiums, parking lots and other structures to the handling of sanitation during these major tournaments (Mowforth, Martin, and Ian, 2013, 5). Many people have criticized policies of offsetting carbon emissions during these events as a mere comfort at a time when the world needs to fully eradicate carbon emissions. Moreover, the so-called offsets do not put into consideration the amount of energy used to power the stadiums, the amount of water used to irrigate the field and to clean the toilets ...

Sunday, May 17, 2020

Academic Dishonesty Applying Technology in Plagiarism

Abstract Academic dishonesty, specifically cheating and plagiarism, recently has increased in popularity. Students often justify unethical academic behavior. Technological innovations, like the cellular telephone, have provided students with new methods of cheating. Plagiarism has also been influenced through technologies, specifically internet companies have emerged that provide unethical solutions to academic assignments. Academic Dishonesty: Applying Technology to Cheat Defined as any â€Å"theft of ideas and other forms of intellectual property— whether they are published or not† (Jones, et al, 2001), academic dishonesty occurs often, usually in the form of cheating or plagiarizing. Students face temptations to cheat and†¦show more content†¦Many academic institutions, including high-schools, colleges, and universities, have enacted tough penalties for students who implement plagiarism tactics to complete assignments. The University of Phoenix defines plagiarism as â€Å"intentional or unintentional representation of another’s words or ideas as one’s own in an academic exercise.†(University of Phoenix Catalog, 2008, p 25) They further explain that plagiarism includes copying information exactly or paraphrasing without citing sources. They also incorporate into the plagiarism definition the submission of another’s work and self-plagiarism. For e xample, many internet websites sell students term papers, research papers, and essays. The emergence of internet websites offering these services has caused educators to implement plagiarism detecting software programs. The internet companies, specializing in selling papers, have countered this inconvenience with services providing original term papers (Buy Term Papers, 2006). Superior Papers justifies students purchasing papers, stating on their website, â€Å"You live active and hectic life? 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Wednesday, May 6, 2020

The Theory Of Teamwork And Leadership - 1527 Words

Michael Jordan once stated â€Å"Talent wins games, but teamwork and intelligence wins championships† (Brainy Quote, n.d., Retrieved January 28, 2017). Jordan (2017) may have been referring to his experience in basketball or on the court, but the same theories of teamwork can be related to businesses, organizations, and the ancillary small groups that help achieve common envisioned goals. Most teams experience fear, expectations, and conflicts, yet with the assistance of leadership these issues can be addressed, and overcome. As illustrated by Lencioni (2002) even some of the best teams struggle and it is through the Five Dysfunctions Model, that most teams can be improved (p. 185). In looking back on prior learning team environments, it is†¦show more content†¦Our inability to discuss or effectively argue left us continuing to work in our teams, yet did not allow for us as individuals or as a group to flourish and further develop. The next dysfunction Lencioni (2002) identifies is a lack of commitment. After analyzing my previous experience in learning teams it is clear how a lack of commitment emerged from a sense of mistrust, a fear of conflict, and a team embolden with ego. No one really fully committed to any idea or vision as there was no one fully on board with the team as a whole. In the end if the team was given negative feedback, or a lower than anticipated grade; we lacked the ability to take accountability for our weaknesses or mistakes (Lencioni, 2002). Although, we were able to successfully achieve acceptable grades and learn new information; we were not successful to fully adopt the concepts of a learning team and benefit from the concepts of having each other. Steps that can be taken to develop a successful team, if applicable; is communication. As Lencioni (2002) purposes it is through open dialogue and communication that a person feels heard and supported and thus trust develops. 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Report On The Prince By Machia Essay Example For Students

Report On The Prince By Machia Essay 1. Major themes in the book. The Prince, written by Niccolo Machiavelli, is one of the firstexaminations of politics and science from a purely scientific andrational perspective. Machiavelli theorizes that the state is onlycreated if the people cooperate and work to maintain it. The state isalso one of mans greatest endeavors, and the state takes precedenceover everything else. The state should be ones primary focus, andmaintaining the sovereignty of the state ones most vital concern. Thestate is founded on the power of its military. Therefore, a strongmilitary is vital to maintaining the state. Machiavelli believes thatmen respect power, but they will take advantage of kindness. Hebelieves that when given the opportunity one must destroy completely,because if one does not he will certainly be destroyed. The princeshould lead the military, and he has to be intelligent. An effectivepolitician can make quick and intelligent choices about the problemsthat constantly arise before him. He must also have virtue, which meanshe is strong, confident, talented, as well as smart. A prince cannot beuncertain, because uncertainty is a sign of weakness. Fortune controlshalf of humans actions, and mans will control the other half. Virtueis the best defense for fortune, and virtue must be used in order tokeep fortune in check. The prince must take advantage of situationsbased solely on if it is best for the state. He should choose hisdecisions based on contemporary and historical examples. A princecannot consider whether his acts are moral or immoral, and he insteadmust act in an unbiased manner for the state. Also, it does not matterhow the state achieves its goals, as long as these goals are achieved. Finally, regardless of the personal morality involved, the prince shouldbe praised if he does good for the state and berated if he hurts thestate. Machiavellis principles have widespread influence, and they arequite similar to some of Thomas Hobbes ideas in Leviathan. 2. What does Machiavelli think of the people in the course of humanhistory?Machiavelli has a very low opinion of the people throughout history. In general, he feels that men are ungrateful, fickle, liars, anddeceiver. They shun danger and are greedy for profit; while you treatthem well, they are yours. They would shed their blood for you butwhen you are in danger they turn against you. Machiavelli basicallyhas little respect for the people, and he feels as though they have notearned much either. He uses this as justification for the use of fearin order to control people. He also feels that men are wretchedcreatures who would not keep their word to you, you need not keep yourword to them. This sense of fairness justifies breaking ones word tomen. Machiavelli also writes about how hard it must be for a prince tostay virtuous. He concludes that with so many wretched men aroundvirtue is hard to create in oneself. The fact is that a man who wantsto act virtuously in every way necessarily comes to grief among so manywho are not virtuous. Overall, Machiavelli is very pessimistic aboutthe abilities of the people. He feels that after examining peoplethrough history, his conclusions of wretched men are correct. 3. Discuss Machiavellis opinions on the uses of cruelty to accomplishcertain goals. Machiavelli tells us that the sovereign must take whatever action isnecessary to maintain order in society. In time this will result in themost compassionate choice too. Machiavelli explains that, CesareBorgia, by using cruelty was able to achieve order and obedience inRomangna. This contrast with the inaction of the Florentines, whoallowed internal conflict to develop in Pistoia, resulting indevastation of the city. Therefore, a number of highly visibleexecutions can be a very effective means of controlling the people andin preventing a major out break of violence and murder. Machiavellialso cites the tremendous military successes of Hannibal. Even thoughHannibal led an army of different races over foreign soil, he never hadany dissension because of his reputation of extreme cruelty. Machiavelli further concludes that it is difficult to be loved andfeared simultaneously. Hence, one should always prefer to be fearedthan to be loved. During adverse times, the fear of punishment is far more effective in maintaining control than depending peoples goodwilland love. Finally, excessive leniency will lead to ruin, becauseleniency is seen as a sign of weakness. A good historical example waswhen Scipios armies mutinied against him in Spain. .u5d2b808ab464c0a0f391767e3398ca38 , .u5d2b808ab464c0a0f391767e3398ca38 .postImageUrl , .u5d2b808ab464c0a0f391767e3398ca38 .centered-text-area { min-height: 80px; position: relative; } .u5d2b808ab464c0a0f391767e3398ca38 , .u5d2b808ab464c0a0f391767e3398ca38:hover , .u5d2b808ab464c0a0f391767e3398ca38:visited , .u5d2b808ab464c0a0f391767e3398ca38:active { border:0!important; } .u5d2b808ab464c0a0f391767e3398ca38 .clearfix:after { content: ""; display: table; clear: both; } .u5d2b808ab464c0a0f391767e3398ca38 { display: block; transition: background-color 250ms; webkit-transition: background-color 250ms; width: 100%; opacity: 1; transition: opacity 250ms; webkit-transition: opacity 250ms; background-color: #95A5A6; } .u5d2b808ab464c0a0f391767e3398ca38:active , .u5d2b808ab464c0a0f391767e3398ca38:hover { opacity: 1; transition: opacity 250ms; webkit-transition: opacity 250ms; background-color: #2C3E50; } .u5d2b808ab464c0a0f391767e3398ca38 .centered-text-area { width: 100%; position: relative ; } .u5d2b808ab464c0a0f391767e3398ca38 .ctaText { border-bottom: 0 solid #fff; color: #2980B9; font-size: 16px; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; text-decoration: underline; } .u5d2b808ab464c0a0f391767e3398ca38 .postTitle { color: #FFFFFF; font-size: 16px; font-weight: 600; margin: 0; padding: 0; width: 100%; } .u5d2b808ab464c0a0f391767e3398ca38 .ctaButton { background-color: #7F8C8D!important; color: #2980B9; border: none; border-radius: 3px; box-shadow: none; font-size: 14px; font-weight: bold; line-height: 26px; moz-border-radius: 3px; text-align: center; text-decoration: none; text-shadow: none; width: 80px; min-height: 80px; background: url(; position: absolute; right: 0; top: 0; } .u5d2b808ab464c0a0f391767e3398ca38:hover .ctaButton { background-color: #34495E!important; } .u5d2b808ab464c0a0f391767e3398ca38 .centered-text { display: table; height: 80px; padding-left : 18px; top: 0; } .u5d2b808ab464c0a0f391767e3398ca38 .u5d2b808ab464c0a0f391767e3398ca38-content { display: table-cell; margin: 0; padding: 0; padding-right: 108px; position: relative; vertical-align: middle; width: 100%; } .u5d2b808ab464c0a0f391767e3398ca38:after { content: ""; display: block; clear: both; } READ: My Family History Persuasive Essay4. What countries in history are discussed most fully by Machiavelli? What does he in general have to say about them?Machiavelli talks consistently about the Roman empire and its rulers. Particularly, he stresses the importance of having a strong army andpopular support by the army and people. The Roman emperors proved to usmany times that a ruler who is perceived to be weak is the mostvulnerable to attack. Alexander Severus was controlled by his motherand considered feminine by his troops. He was a good ruler, but it wasthis appearance of weakness that led his troops to kill him. AntoniusCaracalla is another example of an erroneous ruler. He was a verystrong military leader who was a great fighter. Unfortunately, hebecame an incredibly cruel and harsh ruler over time, and he was hencekilled by a centurion. Machiavelli also includes the country of Italyinto much of his writings. He hopes to reclaim the land which has beentaken away from them. He feels that Italian princes have lost theirstates because they have not had armed people. Machiavelli tells usthat an armed population is a stable population. The Italian princesalso have not acted quickly, like a real prince should act. Julius IIdid act quick, and Machiavelli attributes this to his success. Inreality, the whole purpose behind Machiavelli writing The Prince was totry and help Italy free itself from foreign domination. 5. Evaluation of the book. The Prince has been an incredibly important book. It was written inthe 1500s, but much of it still applies today. The book also hasinfluenced many people in history. Many philosophers credit Machiavelliwith leading the way in political science. They say this because he wasthe first person to take a rational approach at analyzing government andpolitics. Many of Machiavellis critics would say that he is to harshin his ideas, and that he even seems immoral. The truth is Machiavelliis only being honest with what he has observed consistently in historyto be true. The effect of his writing are still found today too. People still need virtue in order to be a good ruler or manager. Success is still to those who can make quick and intelligent choices. The government is still supported most by it amount of power. However,countries are held accountable today, and few would agree that the endjustifies the means as Machiavelli wrote. Overall, Machiavellis workhas lasted through the years, and it has proven to be a classic piece ofliterature by standing the test of time.